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1st Quarter Core Concepts-Carbon Cycle (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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1st Quarter Core Concepts-Earth's tilt (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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1st Quarter Core Concepts-Global Patterns (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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1st Quarter Core Concepts-Water Cycle (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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1st Quarter Core Concepts-Weather data (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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1st Quarter Core Concepts-Weather Instruments (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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1st Quarter Core Concepts-Weather patterns (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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1st Quarter EQT Study Guide (Tonya Myles-Reed) 10/3/2015

Sixth Grade Science Study Guide First Quarter 2009-2010

This is a guide not the test. Anything on your core concept pages for this quarter is possible test material.

 

COS #

Item #

Question

Answer

8.0

1

What is the motion of the Earth turning on its axis called?

rotation

8.0

2

Why   are the tropics warm and sunny year round?

The   tropics receive 12 hours of direct sunlight year round.

8.0

3

Describe   the summer solstice.

It is the day of the year when there are more hours of daylight than darkness.

8.0

4

What   is the motion of the Earth orbiting the Sun?

revolution

8.0

5

What   is a year?

The time it takes for   the Earth to orbit the Sun.

8.0

6

What   causes the seasons of the year?

The tilting of the   Earth on its axis to a maximum angle of 23.5°.

8.0

7

During   the winter months the polar regions of the Earth receive almost 24 hours of   what?

darkness

8.0

8

If   the Northern Hemisphere is experiencing summer, then the Southern Hemisphere   is experiencing what season?

winter

8.0

9

What   is an equinox?

A day of the year   when the hours of darkness equal the hours of daylight.

8.0

10

Be   able to read and answer questions using a diagram that shows the position and   tilt of the Earth as it revolves around the sun.

 

Be   able to read and answer questions using a diagram that shows the position and   tilt of the Earth as it revolves around the sun.

 

1.0

11

Which   prevailing wind belt affects most of the United States?

 

Westerlies

1.0

12

Be   able to locate the global wind belts using a diagram.

 

1.0

13

What are narrow belts of high-speed winds that blow in the upper   troposphere and lower stratosphere called?

jet streams

1.0

14

What is the area of low pressure around the equator called?

 

doldrums

1.0

15

Which process causes winds in the Northern Hemisphere to curve   to the right, and winds in the southern Hemisphere to curve to the left?

 

the Coriolis Effect

1.0

16

What is the latitude of the doldrums?

 

at 0º latitude

1.0

17

What is the latitude of the horse latitudes?

at 30º latitude

1.1

18

What is the boundary that forms when two different air masses   meet?

 

front

1.1

19

Which type of air mass forms over the polar regions?

 

continental   polar (cP)

1.1

20

Which type of air mass forms over the tropics?

 

maritime   tropical (mT)

1.1

21

What is a thunderstorm?

a small, intense weather system capable of producing strong   winds, heavy rain, lightning, and thunder

1.1

22

What is humidity?

the amount of water vapor in the air

1.1

23

What is a cold front?

a cold air mass meets and pushes a warm air mass out of its way

1.1

24

How would you describe a maritime tropical air mass in regard to   temperature and moisture content?

warm, wet air

1.1

25

What is a warm front?

type of front begins with drizzly precipitation and is followed   by warm, clear, sunny weather

1.1

26

What type of weather is associated with a low pressure system?

cloudy weather

1.1

27

What type of weather is associated with a high pressure system?

 

clear weather

1.1

28

Which type of front forms when a warm air mass is trapped   between two cold air masses and forced to rise?

occluded front

1.1

29

Describe the difference between mountain and valley breezes.

Mountain breeze: a breeze created at night when cool air sinks   from the mountain top into the valley below

 

Valley breeze: a breeze created during the day when warm air from   the valley moves upward

1.1

30

Describe the difference between land and sea breezes.

Land breeze: a local wind caused by cool air moving from the   land towards water.

 

Sea breeze: a local wind caused by cool air moving from the sea   towards the land.

 

1.1

31

What are air masses that form over land and water?

land: continental; water:   maritime

1.1

32

What are local winds?

 

winds that generally move short distances and can blow from any   direction

1.1

33

Which type of front occurs when a warm air mass meets and pushes   a cold air mass out of its way?

 

warm front

1.2

34

What are isobars? Be able   to read a diagram using isobars.

lines that connect points of equal pressure

1.2

35

What is a weather forecast?

a prediction of weather conditions over the next three to five

1.2

36

What is a meteorologist?

person who studies the weather

1.2

37

Be able to identify the symbols that represent high pressure   systems, low pressure systems, hurricanes, cold fronts, station models, and   warm fronts.

Be able to identify the symbols that represent high pressure   systems, low pressure systems, hurricanes, cold fronts, station models, and   warm fronts.

1.2

38

Be able to recognize weather symbols on a weather map.

Be able to recognize weather symbols on a weather map.

 

 

1.3

39

What is the weather instrument used to find the location,   movement, and intensity of precipitation and the form of precipitation a   weather system is carrying?

 

radar

1.3

40

What is the weather instrument that is used to provide images of   the swirling clouds that you see on television weather reports?

satellites

1.3

41

What is meteorology?

study of weather

1.3

42

Be able to identify weather instruments from pictures.

 

1.3

43

What is a psychrometer?

weather instrument used to measure relative humidity

1.3

44

What is a barometer?

weather instrument used to measure air pressure

1.3

45

What is an anemometer?

weather instrument used to measure wind speed

1.4

46

Practice locating weather systems on a map using latitude and   longitude.

Practice locating weather systems on a map using latitude and   longitude.

1.5

47

Practice reading climatographs to determine temperatures,   precipitation values, temperature ranges, hottest month, coolest month,   driest month, wettest month, etc.

Practice reading climatographs to determine temperatures,   precipitation values, temperature ranges, hottest month, coolest month,   driest month, wettest month, etc.

3.0

48

What is evaporation?

the changing of liquid water to a gas as it returns to the   atmosphere from the land and oceans

3.0

49

Be able to identify cloud types from a diagram.

Be able to identify cloud types from a diagram.

3.0

50

What is precipitation?

the movement of water from the atmosphere to the land and oceans

3.0

51

Be able to interpret a diagram of the water cycle.

Be able to interpret a diagram of the water cycle.

3.0

52

What is condensation?

the formation of clouds from cooling water vapor in the   atmosphere

3.0

53

What is the main effect of the water cycle on Earth?

water can be used over and over again

3.1

54

Be able to interpret a diagram of the carbon cycle.

Be able to interpret a diagram of the carbon cycle.

3.1

55

Fossil fuels—coal, oil, natural gas, etc.—are burned in what   cycle?

carbon cycle

3.1

56

Producers take what gas from the environment that is a part of   the carbon cycle?

carbon dioxide

3.1

57

What are decomposers? What is decomposition?

organisms such as bacteria and fungi that break down dead   organisms and return their carbon to the environment; the breaking down of   dead organisms

3.1

58

Where do fossil fuels originate? What is their main function?

from buried remains of long-dead organisms; to be burned for   energy

3.1

59

What is photosynthesis?

the process plants use to take carbon dioxide from the   atmosphere and make energy

3.1

60

How does carbon dioxide hurt the Earth?

it helps increase the greenhouse effect which raises global   temperatures

3.1

61

What is true about the amount of carbon in the world?

there is a fixed amount that is recycled during the carbon cycle

3.1

62

What is the main effect the carbon cycle has on the Earth?

Life exists because carbon can be cycled within the Earth and   the atmosphere.

3.2

63

What gas do consumers release to the environment as they burn   sugar for energy?

carbon dioxide

1.0

64

What is created by the uneven heating of the earth by the sun,   which creates pressure differences around the globe?

wind

1.0

65

What phenomena are caused by the heating and cooling of the Pacific Ocean and happen in a cyclic pattern?

El Nino and La Nina

 


Cutting greenhouse Grasses (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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Seasons Diagram (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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What is Wind? (worksheet) (Tonya Myles-Reed) 9/22/2014
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