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3rd Quarter Study Guide
Due Date: 2/24/2017
Subject: Science 6th

COS #

Item #

Question

Answer

9.0

1

Be   able to put the moon phases in order.

new moon, waxing crescent, 1st quarter, waxing   gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous,   last quarter, waning crescent

 

 

9.0

2

Describe   a solar eclipse. Be able to label a diagram of one.

The shadow of the   moon falls on the Earth.

The order of the   bodies involved: Sun, moon, Earth.

9.0

3

Describe   a lunar eclipse. Be able to label a diagram of one.

The shadow of the   Earth falls on the moon.

The order of the   bodies involved: Sun, Earth, moon

9.0

4

What   is the name of the Earth’s moon?

Luna

9.0

5

What   color does the moon look during an eclipse?

red

9.0

6

Be   able to label a diagram of the moon’s phases.

Be able to label a   diagram of the moon’s phases.

9.0

7

How   many days does it take for the moon to go around the Earth?

28

9.0

8

What   causes moon phases?

the moon’s changing   position as it orbits Earth

9.0

9

Describe   the difference between waxing and waning.

Waxing is when the   sunlit portion of the moon is getting larger.

Waning is when the sunlit portion of the   moon is getting smaller.

9.0

10

What   causes the tides on Earth?

The pull of the moon   on the Earth’s oceans.

9.0

11

Do   you ever see the other side of the moon from Earth?

no

10.0

12

What   makes up the ion tail of a comet?

electrically   charged gas particles

10.0

13

What   direction does a comet’s tail always point?

away from the sun

10.0

14

How   can meteoroids be classified?

stony,   stony-metallic, metallic

10.0

15

What   makes up the solar system?

The sun, Earth,   asteroids, meteoroids, & the other seven planets.

10.0

16

Be   able to put the planets in the correct order from the sun. Be able to list the terrestrial versus the   gaseous planets.

(Terrestrial)Mercury,   Venus, Earth, Mars, (Gaseous) Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

10.0

17

Describe   the different types of galaxies and be able to identify them.

spiral, elliptical,   & irregular

10.0

18

Describe   the inner and outer planets.

Inner:   terrestrial, low mass, & rocky     Outer: high mass, gaseous

10.0

19

Describe   a galaxy in general terms.

They usually contain   billions of stars in a space much larger than our solar system.

 

10.0

20

What   is a constellation?

A pattern of stars in   the sky.

10.0

21

What   are asteroids?

small, rocky bodies   that revolve around the sun between Mars and Jupiter

10.0

22

What   are meteoroids?

the smallest, rocky   and metallic bodies that travel through space

10.0

23

Describe   the general shape of the types of galaxies.

Spiral:   cinnamon bun or hurricane shape

 

Elliptical:   round like a pencil eraser

 

Irregular:   no definite shape

10.0

24

When   comparing high mass planets to low mass planets, which ones should have the   highest number of moons?

the high mass planets

10.0

25

What   is the name of the galaxy that is home to our solar system?

the Milky Way

10.0

26

Why   do the constellations seen from Earth seem to change with the seasons?

The Earth is moving past different stars as it revolves around   the Sun.

10.1

27

What   is a nebula?

the birthplace of   stars

10.1

28

What   is a rocket?

a machine that uses   escaping gas to move

10.1

29

How   do rockets move?

by burning gas to   create thrust

10.1

30

What   is a space probe?

unmanned vehicles   that travel deep into space to gather information about distant objects in   our solar system

10.1

31

What   are GEO satellites?

Satellites that orbit   at the same speed as Earth so that they stay in the same position above Earth.

 

Examples:   communication & weather satellites

10.1

32

Describe   the space shuttle.

The space shuttles   take off like rockets, land like planes, and are reusable.

10.1

33

Why   was NASA developed?

the Cold War

10.1

34

How   has NASA benefited society?

It has made has   improved and made our lives more convenient.

10.1

35

Describe   the difference between artificial and natural satellites.

Artificial satellites   are man-made usually with technology on them; natural satellites are not made   by man and do not have technology on them.

10.1

36

Which   medical innovation gained from space exploration allows doctors to view the   soft tissues inside your body to diagnose problems?

MRI (Magnetic Resonance   Imaging)

10.1

37

What   technological innovation gained from space exploration would allow someone to   find his exact location on Earth?

GPS (Global Positioning   System)

10.2

38

What   is a black hole?

A   celestial body that forms when the leftovers of a supernova are so massive   they collapse to form a dense object with gravity so strong that light cannot   escape it.

10.2

39

The   majority of stars in our galaxy are of which type?

main-sequence   stars

10.2

40

Which   type of stars are the hottest? Which are the coolest?

blue   stars; red stars

10.2

41

Be   able to classify the basic types of stars according to color and temperature.

blue   stars are hottest; red stars are cool

10.2

42

Be   able to interpret and answer questions about the H-R diagram.

The   H-R diagram questions will emphasize magnitude and temperature in relation to   position on the diagram.

10.2

43

The   H-R diagram shows the lifecycle of stars and shows how stars are divided   according to 3 different factors. What are they?

Temperature,   brightness, and change over time.

11.0

44

How   far is Earth from the sun?

one   astronomical unit or 150 million kilometers or 93 million miles

11.0

45

What   is the speed of light?

300,000   km/s

11.0

46

What   is a light year? What does it tell you   about objects?

The   unit often used to measure large differences in space, such as between stars   (or galaxies.) How far away they are



1st quarter EQT Study Guide
Due Date: 10/3/2016
Subject: Science 6th

Sixth Grade Science Study Guide First Quarter

This is a guide not the test. Anything on your core concept pages for this quarter is possible test material.

 

COS #

Item #

Question

Answer

8.0

1

What is the motion of the Earth turning on its axis called?

rotation

8.0

2

Why   are the tropics warm and sunny year round?

The   tropics receive 12 hours of direct sunlight year round.

8.0

3

Describe   the summer solstice.

It is the day of the year when there are more hours of daylight than darkness.

8.0

4

What   is the motion of the Earth orbiting the Sun?

revolution

8.0

5

What   is a year?

The time it takes for   the Earth to orbit the Sun.

8.0

6

What   causes the seasons of the year?

The tilting of the   Earth on its axis to a maximum angle of 23.5°.

8.0

7

During   the winter months the polar regions of the Earth receive almost 24 hours of   what?

darkness

8.0

8

If   the Northern Hemisphere is experiencing summer, then the Southern Hemisphere   is experiencing what season?

winter

8.0

9

What   is an equinox?

A day of the year   when the hours of darkness equal the hours of daylight.

8.0

10

Be   able to read and answer questions using a diagram that shows the position and   tilt of the Earth as it revolves around the sun.

 

Be   able to read and answer questions using a diagram that shows the position and   tilt of the Earth as it revolves around the sun.

 

1.0

11

Which   prevailing wind belt affects most of the United States?

 

Westerlies

1.0

12

Be   able to locate the global wind belts using a diagram.

 

1.0

13

What are narrow belts of high-speed winds that blow in the upper   troposphere and lower stratosphere called?

jet streams

1.0

14

What is the area of low pressure around the equator called?

 

doldrums

1.0

15

Which process causes winds in the Northern Hemisphere to curve   to the right, and winds in the southern Hemisphere to curve to the left?

 

the Coriolis Effect

1.0

16

What is the latitude of the doldrums?

 

at 0º latitude

1.0

17

What is the latitude of the horse latitudes?

at 30º latitude

1.1

18

What is the boundary that forms when two different air masses   meet?

 

front

1.1

19

Which type of air mass forms over the polar regions?

 

continental   polar (cP)

1.1

20

Which type of air mass forms over the tropics?

 

maritime   tropical (mT)

1.1

21

What is a thunderstorm?

a small, intense weather system capable of producing strong   winds, heavy rain, lightning, and thunder

1.1

22

What is humidity?

the amount of water vapor in the air

1.1

23

What is a cold front?

a cold air mass meets and pushes a warm air mass out of its way

1.1

24

How would you describe a maritime tropical air mass in regard to   temperature and moisture content?

warm, wet air

1.1

25

What is a warm front?

type of front begins with drizzly precipitation and is followed   by warm, clear, sunny weather

1.1

26

What type of weather is associated with a low pressure system?

cloudy weather

1.1

27

What type of weather is associated with a high pressure system?

 

clear weather

1.1

28

Which type of front forms when a warm air mass is trapped   between two cold air masses and forced to rise?

occluded front

1.1

29

Describe the difference between mountain and valley breezes.

Mountain breeze: a breeze created at night when cool air sinks   from the mountain top into the valley below

 

Valley breeze: a breeze created during the day when warm air from   the valley moves upward

1.1

30

Describe the difference between land and sea breezes.

Land breeze: a local wind caused by cool air moving from the   land towards water.

 

Sea breeze: a local wind caused by cool air moving from the sea   towards the land.

 

1.1

31

What are air masses that form over land and water?

land: continental; water:   maritime

1.1

32

What are local winds?

 

winds that generally move short distances and can blow from any   direction

1.1

33

Which type of front occurs when a warm air mass meets and pushes   a cold air mass out of its way?

 

warm front

1.2

34

What are isobars? Be able   to read a diagram using isobars.

lines that connect points of equal pressure

1.2

35

What is a weather forecast?

a prediction of weather conditions over the next three to five

1.2

36

What is a meteorologist?

person who studies the weather

1.2

37

Be able to identify the symbols that represent high pressure   systems, low pressure systems, hurricanes, cold fronts, station models, and   warm fronts.

Be able to identify the symbols that represent high pressure   systems, low pressure systems, hurricanes, cold fronts, station models, and   warm fronts.

1.2

38

Be able to recognize weather symbols on a weather map.

Be able to recognize weather symbols on a weather map.

 

 

1.3

39

What is the weather instrument used to find the location,   movement, and intensity of precipitation and the form of precipitation a   weather system is carrying?

 

radar

1.3

40

What is the weather instrument that is used to provide images of   the swirling clouds that you see on television weather reports?

satellites

1.3

41

What is meteorology?

study of weather

1.3

42

Be able to identify weather instruments from pictures.

 

1.3

43

What is a psychrometer?

weather instrument used to measure relative humidity

1.3

44

What is a barometer?

weather instrument used to measure air pressure

1.3

45

What is an anemometer?

weather instrument used to measure wind speed

1.4

46

Practice locating weather systems on a map using latitude and   longitude.

Practice locating weather systems on a map using latitude and   longitude.

1.5

47

Practice reading climatographs to determine temperatures,   precipitation values, temperature ranges, hottest month, coolest month,   driest month, wettest month, etc.

Practice reading climatographs to determine temperatures,   precipitation values, temperature ranges, hottest month, coolest month,   driest month, wettest month, etc.

3.0

48

What is evaporation?

the changing of liquid water to a gas as it returns to the   atmosphere from the land and oceans

3.0

49

Be able to identify cloud types from a diagram.

Be able to identify cloud types from a diagram.

3.0

50

What is precipitation?

the movement of water from the atmosphere to the land and oceans

3.0

51

Be able to interpret a diagram of the water cycle.

Be able to interpret a diagram of the water cycle.

3.0

52

What is condensation?

the formation of clouds from cooling water vapor in the   atmosphere

3.0

53

What is the main effect of the water cycle on Earth?

water can be used over and over again

3.1

54

Be able to interpret a diagram of the carbon cycle.

Be able to interpret a diagram of the carbon cycle.

3.1

55

Fossil fuels—coal, oil, natural gas, etc.—are burned in what   cycle?

carbon cycle

3.1

56

Producers take what gas from the environment that is a part of   the carbon cycle?

carbon dioxide

3.1

57

What are decomposers? What is decomposition?

organisms such as bacteria and fungi that break down dead   organisms and return their carbon to the environment; the breaking down of   dead organisms

3.1

58

Where do fossil fuels originate? What is their main function?

from buried remains of long-dead organisms; to be burned for   energy

3.1

59

What is photosynthesis?

the process plants use to take carbon dioxide from the   atmosphere and make energy

3.1

60

How does carbon dioxide hurt the Earth?

it helps increase the greenhouse effect which raises global   temperatures

3.1

61

What is true about the amount of carbon in the world?

there is a fixed amount that is recycled during the carbon cycle

3.1

62

What is the main effect the carbon cycle has on the Earth?

Life exists because carbon can be cycled within the Earth and   the atmosphere.

3.2

63

What gas do consumers release to the environment as they burn   sugar for energy?

carbon dioxide

1.0

64

What is created by the uneven heating of the earth by the sun,   which creates pressure differences around the globe?

wind

1.0

65

What phenomena are caused by the heating and cooling of the Pacific Ocean and happen in a cyclic pattern?

El Nino and La Nina

 



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